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What is CSS? What are CSS codes?
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CSS, which means “Cascading Style Sheets” in English, means “Cascading Style layers”. “What is CSS?"the answer to the question can be expressed as a definition language that allows websites to be visually shaped and has its own rules. CSS, which is among the most basic web technologies along with HTML and JavaScript, offers a lot of visual control over web pages.

With CSS, you can provide effective and functional control over the layout, colors, fonts used, decoy titles, visual effects, and other visual elements of web pages. HTML and Javascript, as well as written CSS codes, are extremely important for user-friendly and visually impressive websites. An effective CSS encoding gives websites a high availability.


CSS also stands out for its flexibility, which makes it very easy to design web pages and provides great convenience. Thanks to this feature, you can make updates to all or only certain parts of your web pages in a very short time. With CSS, the visual properties of all pages on a website or just the desired page can be controlled quite easily.

What are CSS versions and features?

The technical characteristics of CSS are determined by the W3C organization, which stands for World Wide Web Consortium. In W3C, there is a group called the” CSS Working Group", and various studies on the technical characteristics of CSS are carried out by this group. The work done by the CSS Working Group is discussed by W3C members and the relevant innovations are implemented after they are officially approved.


Each new CSS version is built on the previous version and named by version numbers such as CSS 1, CSS 2, CSS 3. The first CSS version was CSS 1, released by W3C on December 17, 1996. CSS 1 is a version that contains basic controls for web page elements such as fonts, text, backgrounds, tables, and borders.

CSS 2, a parent version of CSS 1, was published in 1998 and features several innovations to design more functional websites. It has several advanced features such as advanced positioning options, Z-index, support for auditory style sheets, bidirectional text, and shading. With CSS 2.1, the bugs found in CSS 2 are fixed and a more stable operation is provided.


CSS 3, released by W3C in June 1998, is the latest version of CSS. Built on top of previous versions, CSS 3 introduced new features such as selectors, colors, namespaces, and media queries. With many CSS 3 features, such as rounded corners, transitions, shadows, animations, and gradients, you can design advanced web pages that are more visual and highlight the user experience.

What are CSS usage patterns?
CSS software has a very flexible and convenient structure that allows you to control the properties of web pages individually or collectively. In CSS, you can add code to your web pages in 3 different ways: external style sheet, internal style sheet, and styles written in a tag. Each method has several advantages according to its purpose and place of use.


If you want to control the style properties of multiple web pages with just one CSS page, you can add CSS code with the external style sheet method. You can use the built-in style insertion method to check items on a single web page and make the necessary formatting. Codes written in the label only check the corresponding label and are not recommended for use if necessary.

What can be done with CSS encoding?
Contrary to popular belief, typed CSS codes are not only used to make websites look more visual and aesthetic. CSS has many powerful features that allow visitors to the website to experience a higher level of user experience. Apart from operations that you can do only with CSS on Web pages; you can achieve very impressive results by combining the power of CSS, HTML and JavaScript.


Many operations, such as font sizing, different heading styles, edge trim, shading, horizontal and vertical Menus, page layout, and color-related operations, can only be performed using CSS codes. CSS codes also allow a variety of operations on web pages, such as basic transition effects and simple animations. You can make your sites more interactive with the code you write to the table and form elements.

By blending the potential of CSS, HTML and JavaScript, visitors can experience a more advanced web experience with many high-level transition effects, animations and menu designs created. With effective use of html5 and CSS 3, the latest version of CSS, you can achieve very impressive web designs. You can also make use of various JavaScript libraries for more advanced web animations.


What are CSS libraries and their advantages?

CSS libraries, called CSS Framework, are highly advanced tools that make CSS encoding easier and more functional. Using CSS libraries has many benefits for web developers, such as saving time, writing code in a team, and reducing error. Many CSS libraries, which are popular around the world, are available free and open source coded.

CSS libraries are generally developed for a specific purpose of use. There are many CSS libraries with different features designed for Responsive web Design, impressive animation creation, 3-D effects, or advanced font usage called” Responsive Design". With the use of CSS libraries as well as JavaScript or JavaScript libraries, you can design highly functional websites and web animations.


What are the most popular CSS libraries?

Bootstrap: Bootstrap is one of the most popular CSS libraries in the world. On many devices, such as mobile phones, laptops and desktop computers, websites can be viewed consistently using Bootstrap. It is a library with quite powerful tools.
Foundation: Foundation is one of the most widely used CSS libraries in the world. Developed for Responsive websites and applications such as Bootstrap, Foundation has a very flexible and easily customizable structure. It is a library used especially by businesses.


Find: find is an open source CSS library, and the fact that most of its components are connected to flexbox allows it to be included among modern libraries. It has small dimensions, easy to use, responsive design support, clear syntax and a customizable structure.

UIkit: UIkit is a modular and lightweight front-end CSS library used to develop powerful and fast web interfaces. Impressive and modular interfaces can be created thanks to the library's numerous ready-to-use components and customization options.

Semantic UI: among the most popular CSS libraries, Semantic UI is a library that allows the development of responsive, functional and highly aesthetic web interfaces. It has user-friendly class names, more than 3000 layout layouts, and rich interface components.

Materialized CSS: a powerful front-end CSS library that allows materialized CSS-sensitive web designs to be made available by Google in 2014. It comes with ready-to-use components and is available for websites or Android web applications.
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