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What is HTML? How is HMTL coding done?
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HTML is the basic concept that almost everyone who researches Web design. HTML, a standard text sign language used during the creation phase of Web pages, stands for “Hyper Text Markup Language”. Contrary to the common misconception, HTML is not a programming language. More specifically, the language that browsers such as Chrome, Firefox, Yandex read and make sense of IS HTML.

What does HTML do?

HTML helps web designers create build profiles, links, block quotes, paragraphs, and titles for pages and applications. In this regard, web pages can be shaped using tags and attributes that are simple code structures. HTML can actually be called the skeleton of a website. So the website cannot be encoded without HTML codes.

HTML, which must be used when creating websites and Pages, is one of the easiest formatting languages for beginners to learn. By taking HTML lessons, you can develop yourself for systematic work, try the information you have learned at the stage of designing a web page. Over time, you can learn more than you have and have a say in designing a website.


Most commonly used HTML codes
HTML codes are snippets that make up the structure of a web page. Regardless of the code used, all of them must start with “<” and end with“>”. You should always know some simple HTML codes. On the web pages you have prepared, you will need to use these codes in more than one place. But first, you need to know what a basic HTML document structure should be like. Accordingly;

<!DOCTYPE html>: all HTML documents must start with this code. This code actually indicates that the page is encoded according to HTML5 format.

<html>: in this basic use, also known as a root tag, all HTML Code must be defined between these two tags.

<body>: is the tag area where all visible HTML code fragments are added.

<head>: the tag that contains the language, title, and other edits of the Web page.

<title>: used to define the title field of a website. the < title> tag must be between the < head> tags.

< meta charset = "utf-8">: specifies that HTML code contains many language sets, including support for England characters.


Title Code (Hx)
Titles are the element that allows you to divide the content on your Web page into readable parts. HTML basically supports 6 header elements. They consist of H1, H2, H3, H4, H5 and H6. Example usage is shown as:

<h1>first header< / h1>
<h2>second header< / h2>
<h3>third header</h3>
< h4>fourth Header< / h4>
< h5>fifth header< / h5>
< h6>sixth header< / h6>
Paragraph code (<p>)
Code that allows you to create paragraphs in text. Although text paragraphs can be created by adding <br> code between them when separating content sections, it is recommended to use <P> code. Inform search engines and browsers about Page Setup.


Line break Code (<br>)
HTML code for dividing text on a Web page horizontally. Where it is used, the text continues from a bottom line. In other words, when <br/> is used, all subsequent words continue from the bottom line.

Image code (<img>)
the < img> code is used to add images to a web page. When you want to add an image to a Web page, first upload it to the web server. You can then use a <img> tag to reference the file name of the uploaded image.

Button Code (<button>)
HTML button code is used to make your pages interesting and create interactive content. This code, which becomes more powerful with JavaScript and HTML color codes, allows you to interact with users in your content.


Connection Code (<a>)
You can also create links between <a> code, one of the important HTML linkage codes, and other content. To create a link, you must wrap the <A> and </a> tags around the content you want to link to.

Horizontal line code (<hr>)
Horizontal line codes are used to visually separate page sections. This code creates a line between the current position on the page and the right margin. Thus, groups of words or sentences are separated by a horizontal line.

What is the link between HTML and CSS and JS?
Although HTML is a really strong language for site design, it is not enough alone to get professional and strong results. Only fragments of text can be added using specific codes, and the content structure can be changed. But if two frontend languages, such as CSS and JavaScript, are used along with HTML, a great harmony is captured.


Using CSS and JS along with HTML means creating advanced functionality and a rich user experience on a solid foundation. HTML gets CSS help for background, color, design, space, and animation, while slider works in harmony with JavaScript for dynamic functionality such as photo galleries and pop-ups.

What is HTML5?
Since its inception, new features and plugins have been constantly developed, with constant new updates to HTML versions, historically referred to by their special names. HTML 4, known today as HTML, was published in 1999 and was highly acclaimed. But later, when the HTML 5 update came, it saw that it brought many innovations with it.


One of the most popular features of html5 is its built-in support for embedded audio and video. Built-in audio and video files can be used by adding <audio> </audio> and <video> </video> codes to the website without the need to use a flash player that has been used for many years. It also offers support for SVG (scale vector graphics) and MathML for mathematical formulas.

Another feature that distinguishes html5 from others is that it has various semantic corrections. That is, it helps index the website by informing both browsers and search engines about the meaning of the content on the web page. The most commonly used semantic codes are <article> </article, <header> </header>, <acid> </acid>, and <footer> </footer>.


HTML pros and cons
HTML pros

Ability to work naturally (native) in all internet browsers,
Easy learning,
Having open source code,
Becoming completely free,
Offering a huge language option with numerous resources,
Ability to be audited by official web standards, such as the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) ,
Providing stable and smooth formatting,
Node.ability to work in harmony with backend languages such as JS and PHP.


HTML cons
Some browsers may be slow to recognize new features added to the HTML code system.
HTML does not allow the user to add logic. For this reason, all websites are created separately, regardless of whether they have the same elements (such as footers and headers).
Because it is often used for static web pages, a separate backend language such as PHP, CSS, or JavaScript must be used to perform dynamic operations.


In addition, what you need to know about HTML is:

HTML is a markup language, not a programming language.
HTML file extensions .html or .it must be written as htm.
Editors such as Notepad, Notepad++, or Sublime Text can be used to write HTML codes.
After HTML is thoroughly learned, CSS should be another program that must be known. The CSS program is often used to style the way HTML codes are read in the corresponding browser.
A website can be designed with HTML, CSS and JS.But to make it dynamic and better quality ASP.net, languages such as JAVA should also be used.
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