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What Is Linux Operating System?
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The operating system is at the center of the capabilities offered by today's technology in terms of software. Not only computers, but many different electronic devices have operating systems. The operating system, which allows all the basic features that the device has to gain functionality, has different types of software and interface features, such as Microsoft Windows, macOS X and Linux, especially for computers.

One of the most functional of these types of operating systems is Linux. But before addressing the working principles and history of Linux, it is necessary to express what the operating system works in a general sense, why it is important to use it. For this reason, after defining the operating system and making a detailed introduction to its functions, it may be useful to explain the features promised by Linux.

The operating system can be expressed as a whole of software that manages hardware resources and provides services that are widely used for different applications. In the operating system, application codes are largely executed directly by hardware. It also acts as a bridge between applications and computers that control hardware features such as the operating system, input, output, and memory assignment.


Considering hardware as the central element of the communication network, the operating system becomes the part that provides the mediation of the command that will be given to the hardware from the user to the application. As a matter of fact, evaluating any operating system not by the breadth of its functionality, but by the ability to program a command transmitted by the user for a specific purpose is considered a healthier software approach.

Operating systems are not only used on computers, game consoles, mobile phones and internet servers, but also on cars, white goods and wristwatches. In the 1940s, no electronic device had an operating system, but after the discovery of a programmable computer, the creation of binary numbers (0 and 1) machine language revealed an important first step for operating system technologies.


Operating systems that enable electronic devices to perform their functions have several different types. Operating systems with real-time, single-user, multi-user, single-task, multi-task, distributed, and embedded types vary depending on how they are installed, where they are installed, software features, and interface types. Linux is also among these operating systems.

What Is Linux?

Linux is one of the core software that is the core part of computer operating systems. Linux, a derivative of the freely distributed, multi-tasking and multi-user UNIX environment, is more preferred by IT professionals today. Linux, which uses open source code as well as free distribution, makes it possible to be reprogrammed and improved by users.


Linux, an operating system that has no cost, can be easily used on many different devices, especially IBM and PC-compatible computers. The development of Linux is open to all internet users around the world, making it easier to detect and correct system errors. Linux's development system can be expressed evolutionarily thanks to this feature.

Linux From The Past To The Present?

Linux was developed in 1991 by Linus Torvalds, a Finnish university student. In this operating system, which is produced from scratch in the Unix software environment, there is no code taken from there. In 1992, Linus Torvalds released this self-developed operating system through the GNU Public License as free software to get the support of more developers and users.


In this way, Linux and GNU complement each other's shortcomings and become shared with users as a complete operating system. Linus Torvalds ' preference for the GNU Public License is very critical for Linux. Because of this, Linux was able to receive the contribution of many volunteer IT experts around the world, which positively affected the development process of the operating system.

What Are Linux Features?
The biggest feature of the Linux operating system is that it is open source and is completely free or can be purchased for a very low fee. This is a huge advantage because the approach that makes Linux Free also makes the programs that will be used in the operating system free. In addition, Linux is very resistant to system errors.


Among the reasons why users prefer Linux is that it does not crash easily. Even when you run several different programs at the same time, Linux keeps your computer running smoothly. Linux, which is also very successful in preventing system errors, meets many different needs, such as writing editors, drawing software, account rulers and databases.

In What Projects Is The Linux Operating System Used?

The Linux operating system is specially prepared for many different projects. Linux, which cognition experts prefer to use when developing software for high-performance programs, also increases efficiency by making it possible to work on a computer with multiple processors. Linux offers the best user experience in projects using graphical data analysis software or fractal creation program.


How To Install Linux
To install Linux, you first need to print the Ubuntu Linux ISO file on a USB drive or DVD. After you finish printing, you can start the Linux installation via USB or DVD. The important point here is to pay attention to different types of Linux installations. If your computer has a Windows operating system, you can install Linux next to it very conveniently.

But when installing Linux, you also have the option to uninstall Windows and run Linux only. Also, you can delete the disk and use ZFS and try a different installation. After making settings such as location, keyboard, and internet connection, you can create your profile and complete the installation of Linux. Ubuntu allows you to create ISO files that make it easier to install Linux.
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